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我一个人走,忽略路途中的风景,一直向前走,却忘记了,只因我见过了最美的风景。。。

 
 
 

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英语统考复习test8  

2013-05-03 13:19:03|  分类: 学习。。。。 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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各位同学:以下模拟试题非常重要,大家一定要抽时间背熟!切记切记!!!

Test 8

第一部分:交际用语(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出正确选项。

1-5: CBACA

1. — May I use your bike for a moment?  你的自行车我可以用一会吗?

  — _______

  A. It’s well.                                                  B. It doesn’t matter.

  C. By all means.        当然可以。             D. I have no idea.

2. — How do you do? Glad to meet you.  你好,很高兴认识你。

  — _______                        你好,我也很高兴认识你。

  A. Fine. How are you?                                  B. How do you do? Glad to meet you, too.

  C. How are you? Thank you!                         D. Nice. How are you?

3. — Hi, is Mary there, please?  请问,Mary在吗?

  — _______                别挂断,我去叫她。

  A. Hold on. I’ll get her.                                 B. No, she isn’t here.

  C. Yes, she lives here.                                    D. Yes, what do you want?

4. — Would you mind changing seats with me? 你介意和我换个位置吗?

  — _______                         不介意。

  A. Yes, you can.                                           B. Of course, I like to.

  C. No, I don’t mind.                                     D. Certainly, please do.

5. — Shall we sit up here on the grass or down there near the water?

      我们在这儿的草地上坐呢还是去那儿的河边坐?

  — _______ 

A. I’d rather stay here if you don’t mind.        如果你不介意,我想在这儿坐。

B. Sorry, I don’t like neither.

C. Certainly, why not?                                 

D. Yes, we like these two places.

 

第二部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题3分,满分30分)

此部分共有2篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题。请从每个问题后的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出正确选项。

6-10: DCDBA  11-15 BABCB

Passage 1

How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to present those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.

    人们最初是如何发明单词的不得而知,换句话说,语言的起源是个秘密。所有我们所知道的只是,人,不同于动物,不知怎么发明了某些声音来表达思想、情感、行为和物质,以便相互交流;后来统一了某些被称为字母的符号,这些字母可以连起来代表那些声音,可以写下来。我们把那些声音叫做单词,不管他们是口语还是书面语。

       The power of words, then, lies in their associations-the thing they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something increases.

    文字的力量在于其联系性-它们把这些联系性带到我们的头脑中。通过经历,单词对我们充满了意义。我们活得越久,某些单词就越能使我们回忆起过去的喜怒哀乐;我们越是阅读和学习,有意义的单词数量就越增加。

       Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

伟大的作家是那些不仅具有伟大思想而且能用词汇来表达这些思想的人,他们的思想强烈地震撼着我们的心灵和情感。单词的这种美妙和寓意用法就是我们所谓的文学性。总之,真正的诗人是文字的掌握着。他可以用音乐般的词汇来表达自己的意思,这些词汇凭借其所用环境和联系性能让人感动得流泪。因此,我们应该学会仔细选择所用词汇并准确使用,否则会使我们说的话可笑又粗俗。

6. The origin of language is _______.  语言的起源是:

  A. a legend handed down from the past           B. a matter that is hidden or secret

  C. a question difficult to answer                            D. a problem not yet solved一个还未解决的问题

7. What is true about words?      关于词汇哪一项是对的?

  A. They are used to express feelings only.        B. They can not be written down.

  C. They are simply sounds.       他们是简单的声音   D. They are mysterious.

8. The real power of words lies in their _______.  文字的真正力量在于其­­____

  A. properties                                                B. characteristics          

C. peculiarity                                               D. representative function  代表功能 

9. By “association”, the author means _______.  作者用“联系性”这个词指

  A. a special quality                                       B. a joining of ideas in the mind头脑中思想的联接

  C. an appearance which is puzzling                 D. a strange feature

10. Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true?

   关于真正的诗人下列哪项不正确?

A. He is no more than a master of words.        他只不过是一个文字的掌握者。

B. He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music.

  C. He can move men to tears.                         D. His style is always charming.

Passage 2

Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and self-conscious; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. Worrisome thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: what kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing unattractive clothes?

       羞怯是许多人不快乐的原因。害羞的人焦虑不安,自我意识强,也就是说,他们过分在意自己的形象和行为。焦虑时常萦绕在他们的脑海中:我给人留下了什么印象?他们喜欢我吗?我让人觉得很傻吗?我的穿着是否不吸引人?

       It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must negatively affect people. A person’s conception of himself or herself is reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a profound effect on all areas of their lives.

       显而易见,这种不舒适的感觉必然给人们带来了不利的影响。一个人的自我意识反映在他或她的行为上,而一个人的行为会影响他人的反应。一般而言,人们认识自己的方式对他们的生活的方方面面有深远的影响。

       Shy people, having low self-esteem, are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others. They need reassurance that they are doing “the right thing.” Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their feelings of inferiority. They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliment with a statement like this one, “You’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.” It is clear that while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.

       羞怯的人非常自卑,他们可能很被动,容易受他人的影响。他们需要得到他人的再次确认:他们所做的是“正确的事情”。羞怯的人对批评很敏感,他们认为批评使得他们更低人一等。他们也发现自己很难因为受到类似的表扬而高兴,如:你刚才所说的使我感觉很好。我知道那不是真的。很明显,尽管具有自知之明是件好事,但过度自谦则是有害的。

       Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? Fortunately, people can overcome shyness with determined and patient efforts in building self-confidence. Since shyness goes hand in hand with a lack of self-esteems, it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths.

       羞怯能根除吗?或至少能减少些吗?幸运的是,许多人能通过坚决而有耐心地建立自信来克服羞怯。既然羞怯与自卑天生相伴,那么人们能看见他们的优缺点是很重要的。

       Each one of us is a unique, worthwhile individual, interested in our own personal ways. The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our full potential. Let’s not allow shyness to block our chances for a rich and fulfilling life.

       每一个人都是独一无二的,都有其价值所在。我们对我们自己个人的方式感兴趣。我们了解自己越多,我们就越容易充分发挥自己的潜能。不要让羞怯妨碍我们实现富裕而有成效的人生。

11. What does the author try to prove by citing “what kind of impression am I making?”

  作者通过引用“我给人留下了什么印象?”来试图说明什么?

  A. Shy people benefit from their caring about their appearance.

B. People’s shyness made them care too much about their appearance and actions.

  羞怯使他们过分关注他们的形象和行为。

  C. It’s natural that shy people don’t believe other’s compliments.

  D. Shy people think they are different from others.

12. According to the writer, self-awareness is _______.根据作者的观点,自知之明是一件_______

  A. a good quality              好事                            B. the cause of unhappiness

  C. harmful to people                                     D. a weak point of shy people

13. When being praised, shy people feel that it is _______.当被赞扬的时候,羞怯的人感到这是_______

  A. good                           B. unreal 不真实的 C. very reasonable             D. harmful

14. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

根据文章含义,下列陈述哪一个是正确的?

  A. Shyness helps us to develop our potential.  

B. Shyness enables us to understand ourselves better.

  C. Shyness can block our chances for a rich life. 羞怯能够阻碍我们实现富裕人生的机会。

D. Shyness has nothing to do with lack of self-esteem.

15. It can be inferred from the passage that shy people _______.从文章中可以推断出羞怯的人_______

A. should find more of their weakness           

B. should understand themselves in the right way应当以正确的方式看待自己

C. had better ignore their weakness                

D. can get rid of their shyness while maintaining low self-esteem

 

第三部分:词汇与结构(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)

此部分共有5个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出正确选项。

16-20: ABCAC

16 A police officer claimed that the young man had attempted to _______ paying his fare.

   警官说这个年轻人试图拒付费用。

  A. avoid                   B. reject                       C. refuse                      D. neglect

17. While I was in the university, I learned taking a photo, _______ is very useful now for me.

   我在大学里学会了照相,现在对我很有用。

  A. it                         B. which                      C. that                          D. what

18. This kind of material expands _______ the temperature increasing. 这种材料随温度的提高而膨胀。

  A. to                        B. for                           C. with                         D. at

19. People at the party worried about him, because no one was aware _______ he had gone.

  晚会上的人都为他担忧,因为没人知道他去哪儿了。

  A. of  where            B. of the place where     C. where                      D. the place

20. A sudden noise of a fire-engine made him _______ to the door. 火警的突然响起使他匆忙走到门口。

  A. hurrying               B. hurried                     C. hurry                       D. to hurry

 

第四部分:完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

以下短文中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每给句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出正确选项。

21-30: BCADB   BCACD

It's very interesting to study names of different countries. Chinese names are different ___21____ foreign names. Once an English lady came to __22___ me. When I was introduced to her she said, "Glad to meet you, Miss Ping." Then she gave me her name card with three words on it: "Betty J. Black". So I said, "Thank you, Miss Betty, "We looked at each other and laughed heartily. Later I found that the English people  __23___ their family names last and the given names __24___, while their middles are  ___25___ used very much. I explained to her that the Chinese family name ___ 26___ first, the given name last, so she  __27___ never call me Miss Ping. She asked if we Chinese had a middle name. I told her we didn't. ____28__ people may often find three words on a Chinese name card. In this case the family name still comes first, and the other words after it  __29___ a two-word given name. It is quite usual in China. My sister is Li Xiaofang. She has two words in her given name instead of just one  ___30___ mine.

研究不同国家人的名字是很有趣的事情,中国人的名字不同于外国人的名字。有一次,一名英国女士来拜访我。当我把我自己介绍给她后,她说“很高兴见到你,平小姐”。随后她给了我她的名片,上面写着“贝蒂﹒简﹒布莱克”,因此,我说“谢谢你,贝蒂小姐”。我们相互看了看对方,大笑起来。后来我发现英国人把他们的姓放在最后,名字放在第一位,而中间名字用的不多。我解释给她说,中国人的名字都是姓在前,名在后,因此,她不应该称呼我为“平小姐”。她问我中国人有没有中间名字。我告诉她说,我们中国人没有。虽然人们会在中国人的名片上发现有三个字。在这种情况下,姓仍然是在第一位,而其后的两个字都是名。这在中国很常见。我的姐姐叫李晓芳。她就有两个字的名,不像我的名只有一个字。

21、  A. with             B. from                C. for                   D. in

22、  A. find              B. look at                     C. visit                 D. meet

23、  A. put               B. placed              C. took                 D. brought

24、  A. at the first    B. at first               C. in the front        D. first

25、  A. never            B. not                   C. /                             D. often

26、  A. came            B. comes              C. put                   D. puts

27、  A. would           B. could                      C. should              D. must

28、  A. But              B. Or                   C. While               D. And

29、  A. is                 B. was                  C. are                   D. were

30、  A. as                 B. with                 C. to                    D. like

 

第五部分:英翻汉(满分15分)

请把下列3句英文翻译成中文。

31 Transistors are small in size and light in weight.

32. John and his brother differ in personality even if their differences in age are not significant.

33. If you decided to learn a new language, you would have to dedicate yourself wholeheartedly to the cause.

31. 晶体管的体积小,重量轻。

32. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性却不相同。

33. 如果你决定学一门新的语言,你必须全身心地投入。

 

第六部分:写作(满分15分)

要求在30分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一封不少于80词的短文。

Can Money Buy Happiness?

1.   不同的人对金钱能买来幸福持有不同观点。

2.   我的观点

Can Money Buy Happiness?

 

Can money buy happiness?The answer varies among people. Some believe that money is the source of happiness, because money provides food for the hungry, medicine for the sick, and clothes for the needy. While others hold that money is the root of evils, because it is the devil of money that drives a person to lie, cheat, steal and worst of all, to murder.

In my opinion, money is essential to being well-off, but not necessarily to well-being. Happiness is a state of mind, not something that can be bought.

钱能买来幸福吗?

钱能买来幸福吗?答案因人而异。一些人认为钱是幸福之源,因为钱能为穷人提供食物、为病人提供医药、为需要帮助的人提供衣服。而其他人则认为钱是罪恶之源,这是因为钱这个魔鬼驱使一个人去说谎、偷盗,最糟糕的是谋杀。

我的观点是钱对幸福生活来说是必要的,但不是必须的。幸福是一种状态,不是可以用钱买的到的东西。

 

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