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我一个人走,忽略路途中的风景,一直向前走,却忘记了,只因我见过了最美的风景。。。

 
 
 

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2012英语Ⅱ--阅读理解第一种题型(选择②)  

2012-12-07 14:23:45|  分类: 学习。。。。 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Passage 15

There have been changes in all sorts of different areas of British society. In recent years in the UK we have had a very large increase in the number of couples who get divorced.

After 1969 and the Divorce Law Reform Act we had a very rapid increase in the number of divorces. The rate increased steadily and in recent years has increased much more rapidly. But there are also quite a lot of people who do actually get married. At present the marriage rate in the UK is about 70 per cent, which has gone down since the number of people who marry has gone down quite a lot in the last 20 years, but more significantly in the last 10 years. Quite high proportions of people now live together without marrying, and, for example, 40 per cent of children born in the UK are born to couples who aren't married or are born to lone parents. There are quite a large number of lone parent families, 90 per cent of these are headed by a woman rather than a man.

The average family size now in the UK is 1.8 children per couple, which means that there's been quite a decline in the birth rate in the UK along with other European countries.

1. What does the passage mainly discuss?

A. The declining divorce rate in the UK. B. The declining marriage rate in the UK.

C. The increasing divorce rate in the UK. D. Trends in marriage and divorce in the UK.

2. During the last ten years, __________.

A. the marriage rate has gone down more rapidly in the UK

B. the marriage rate has gone up a lot in the UK

C. 40% of children were born to unwed couples in the UK

D. 40% of children were born to single parents in the UK

3. According to the passage, the cohabitation rate in the UK tends to __________.

A. decline   B. soar (急剧上升)  C. stay stable   D. not mentioned in the passage

4. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?

A.The highest divorce rate was around 1969. B.The marriage rate has gone down in recent years.

C. The marriage rate is currently 70 percent.  D. 90 percent of lone parent families are headed by women.

5. The last paragraph tells us __________.

A. the birth rate in the UK is increasing at the moment

B. at present any family in the UK is 2 children at most

C. the birth rate in other European countries keeps increasing

D. the birth rate in the UK is decreasing rapidly now

Key: CABAD

 

Passage 16

Some people think they have an answer to the troubles of automobile crowding and dirty air in large cities. Their answer is the bicycle, or “bike”.

In a great many cities, hundreds of people ride bicycles to work every day. In New York City, some bike riders have even formed a group called Bike for a Better City. They claim that if more people rode bicycles to work there would be fewer automobiles in the downtown section of the city and therefore less dirty air from car engines.

For several years this group has been trying to get the city government to help bike riders. For example, they want the city to draw bicycle lanes on some of the main streets, because when bike riders have to use the same lanes as cars, there are accidents. Bike for a Better City feels that if there were special lanes more people would use bikes.

But no bicycle lanes have been drawn. Not everyone thinks it is a good idea - they say it will slow traffic. Some store owners on the main streets say that if there is less traffic, they will have less business. And most people live too far from downtown to travel by bike.

The city government has not yet decided what to do. It wants to keep everyone happy. Only on weekends, Central Park is closed to cars, and the roads may be used by bicycles only. But Bike for a Better City says that this is not enough and keeps fighting to get bicycle lanes downtown.

1.     According to the passage, bicycles ____________.

A.  are more convenient than cars       B.  are safer traffic tools than cars

C.  are ridden by most people in the U.S  D.   are the solution to some city problems

2.   The idea of special bicycle lanes is most favored by ____________.

A.the city government                 B.some bike riders

C.people living far from downtown     D.some store owners

3.     “Bicycle lanes” in the third paragraph probably means ____________.

A.narrow passages between buildings for bicycles  B.roads full of bicycles

C.special parts of the road for bicycle riders only   D.roads for bicycles only

4.   Which of the following is not true according to the passage?

A.Bike for a Better City members ride bicycles to work.

B.Sometimes accidents may occur when cars and bikes are on the same lanes.

C.The Central Park is closed to cars on weekends.

D.In New York City, many people use bikes as they have special lanes.

5.  The best title for this passage is ____________.

A.Traffic Crowding in New York City    B.Air Pollution in New York City by Cars

C.Special Lanes for Passengers          D.Solution to Traffic Problem in New York

Key: DBCDD

Passage 17(作业3/10年7月)(此题有两种考法,见下面)

Benjamin Disraeli, the famous nineteenth century prime minister, said, “London is not a city,  - it is a nation.” Today this is an understatement; London, with its vast range of different ethnic groups, is a world.

Certainly, London is the most culturally diverse city in the world.  The city was founded by the Romans and since then new arrivals have constantly added to its character and prosperity. 

Within 10 years 40% of Londoners will be from ethnic minority groups, including the growing number of Londoners of mixed ethnic origin, but most of them will have been born in Britain.

Children of Caribbean-Chinese marriages will go to school with children of Russian-Irish couples. None of them will be English but all of them will be Londoners.

Most of Britain's ethnic minority residents live in the capital, speaking over 300 languages.

Nearly all of the African population and many of the Caribbean population of Britain live in London (83% and 58% respectively); 39% of the Chinese population of Britain and 36% of the Asian population of Britain live in London.

The largest migrant community is from the Irish Republic with 256,000 people, 3.8% of the total population of London.

There are an estimated 330,000 refugees and asylum seekers living in London, with most recent arrivals coming from Eastern Europe, North Africa and Kurdistan.

Young people, in particular, are skilled at dealing with a large number of different and hybrid cultures.

They themselves often have several different ethnic identities since their parents and grandparents may come from several different backgrounds and their friends and partners do also. They are “skilled cross-cultural travellers” without leaving their home-town.

1.Why does the writer think that Benjamin Disraeli’s statement is an understatement?

Because he thinks London is _________.

A. part of the word    B. a miniature world thanks to its great cultural diversity

C. not a nation at all   

2. London is regarded as the most culturally diverse city in the world due to the following facts EXCEPT that _________.

A. within 10 years 40%Londoners will be from ethnic minority groups

B. most of Britain’s ethnic minority residents live in London,speaking over 300 languages

C. many young people are immigrants from different backgrounds

3. Ethnic minority groups will make up _________ of the London population in the future.

A. 3 6%  B. 4 0%  C. 3 9%

4. The last paragraph mainly tells us in London _________.

A. young people feel at ease with a large number of diversified cultures

B. young people are raised in a multicultural environment

C. young people find it hard to adapt themselves to hybrid cultures

5. The passage mainly deals with _________.

A, the advantage of hybrid cultures in London

B. the composition of the populeticm in London

C. they cultural diversity in London

答案1. B    2. C     3. B     4. A    5. C

1.Why does the writer think that Benjamin Disraeli’s statement is an understatement?

Because he thinks London is _________.

A. a miniature world thanks to its great cultural diversity

B. even larger than some countries in the world 

C. not a nation at all 

2. London is regarded as the most culturally diverse city in the world due to the following facts EXCEPT that _________.

A. within 10 years 40% Londoners will be from ethnic minority groups

B. many young people are immigrants from different backgrounds

C. London accommodates about 330,000 refugees and asylum seekers from many other countries

3. Ethnic minority groups will make up _________ of the London population in the future.

A. 36%       B. 40%          C. 39%        

4. The last paragraph mainly tells us in London _________.

A. young people feel at ease with a large number of diversified cultures

B. young people are raised in a multicultural environment

C. young people find it hard to adapt themselves to hybrid cultures

5. The passage mainly deals with _________.

A. the advantage of hybrid cultures in London

B. the composition of the population in London

C. the cultural diversity in London

答案 1. A    2. B     3. B     4. A     5. C

Passage 18(unit6/09年7月)

A survey has shown that people have stopped believing both the media and politicians.A similar surver carried out 5 years ago showed that 50% of people thought that what politicians said was usually not true ,and that 35 of people thought that what they saw on the television or read in newspapers was not true.Now both those figures have increased sharply, to 80% of people not believing politicians and 70% not believing the television or newspapers. Experts think that these figures are not going to come down in the near future.

   Stories about politicians and journalists taking money form businessmen have caused the public to stop trusting them. Also politicians keep making promises that they do not keep. Mr Smith of  York said,“When the politicians make new laws, they only help their friends, not people like me”. Mrs Marley of Leeds said,“The newspapers and television are not interested in what is true; they are only interested in money for advertising”.

   It has got worse recently as more people can get news from the Internet and learn if the journalists and politicians are telling the truth or not. What can our politicians and journalists do? The only answer is to be more honest.

1. The number of people believing politicians and journalists has_______.

A. Increased    B.not changed   C.decreased

2. Experts think this problem_______.

A. will get better soon  B.will not get better soon  C.will get worse soon

3. Stories say businessmen give money to_______.

A. politicians   B.politicians and journalists   C.journalists

4. Mr Smith thinks politicians make laws______.

A. to help their friends   B.to help him  C.to help everybody

5. People can now check stories using_______.

A. the newspapers  B.the television   C.the Internet

答案1-5 CBBAC

Passage 19(unit12/11年1月)

 We have two cats at home. One is named Milo and the other Mamma.Milo is a boy cat .Boy cats are called”Toms”.We think that Mamma is Milo’s mother. That is why we gave her the name Mamma.We didn’t buy Milo or Mamma. They were stray cats and didn’t have anywhere to live. They started coming into our garden. They did not look very healthy, so we started giving them milk. Then they started coming into the house, so we adopted them. Because he didn’t have a home when he was a kitten, Milo is not very fit. We have to take him to the vet once every three months for a special injection.They have lived with us now for 5 years.

1. Sarah got the cats_______.

A. before she moved into her house   

B. after she moved into the house

C. when she moved into the house

2. Sarah thinks_______.

A. Milo is a boy   B. both cats are boys  C. both cats are girls

3. Mamma was named“Mamma”because________.

A. Sarah likes the name  B.she is a girl  C.they thinks she is Milo’s mother

4. Milo and Mamma were_______

A. free  B.cheap to get  C.expensive to get

5. Milo is not very fit because____.

A. he visits the vet for an injection  B.he was a stray   C.he is old now

答案1-5 BACAB

Passage 20(unit18)

East London has traditionally been an area which has attracted immigrants. The chance to find jobs in London has led to immigrants from many different parts of the world living there. Also, because it was the home of London’s docks, it was easy for people to get there by ship . One famous building in Brick Lane has been a church, a synagogue and is now a mosque. Nowadays this part of London, which is known as the East End, is home to people from many different parts of the world,including Africa, Asia and the Caribbean. This means that there are many shops and restaurants selling ethnic food. In the past the East End was one of the poorest parts of London, but now it is becoming more fashionable and house prices are rising rapidly. This is because many people want to live near to near to where they work in the centre of the city.Also improved transport links to both other parts of London and to other countries via the Channel Tunnel train station and Docklands Airport have attracted more people to the area.

1.East London has_______.

A.never been a home for immigtants  B.recently become a home for immigrants

C.always been a home for immigrants

2.Immigrants are attracted by_______.

A.low house prices  B.jobs   C.ethnic food

3.London’s docks were_______.

A.easy to reach by plane  B.in East London  C.a good place to find work

4.East London______.

A.is a cheap place to live  B.was never a cheap place to live

C.used to be a cheap place to live

5.People are attracted to East London because_______.

A.it has good transport links  B.there are lots of jobs in East London

C.there are lots of good shops and restaurants

答案1-5 CBBCA

Passage 21(考试样题/10年1月)

Anna is our only daughter. My wife and I have two sons, and Anna is the youngest in the family, but she's twenty-five now. Anna was not well when she was little. It was a very worrying time and she stayed at home a lot. She was seen first by the local doctors, and then she was sent to a specialist in Cardiff where she was diagnosed as diabetic. It was my wife who mainly took care of her then. I am not very good at looking after little children. I suppose I am a bit traditional in that way. But when she grew up a bit, we spent a lot of time together. We loved walking and talking and discussing life. We still love it一today. We get on very well.

    Although she looks like me (tall, dark hair, dark eyes and dark skin),she takes after her mother: she is artistic and musical, and like her‘ mother she's attractive.

    She loves looking after animals- she has two dogs, three cats and a goat. She lives in a little house in the country. I like animals too. I like riding and hunting, but Anna hates hunting. She thinks it's cruel. We discuss -it a lot.

    She is quiet and a bit shy with strangers. I am more outgoing and I love meeting new people. But she's not boring- actually, she's very funny. She always has lots of stories of her life in the country. She's an art and music teacher in a little village school.

    She is very good-natured. Anna says we brought her up well, and she's going to bring her children up to be honest and loyal. But I think she was easy to bring up. I don’t remember ever telling her off.

 26. According to the passage, when Anna was a child, she

      A. got an illness   B. was very queer      C. didn't look like the author

 27. It can be inferred from the passage the author thinks looking after little children is

      A. his advantage                    B. mainly a woman's responsibility

      C. really enjoyable

 28. What does "take after" mean in the first sentence of Para.2?

      A. Look after.     B. Be different from.      C. Look like.

 29. My daughter and I have little in common in terms of

      A. loving walking and talking         B. character      C. loving animals

 30. From the passage, we can see the author's description of his daughter is

      A. affectionate          B. humorous      C. critical

答案:ABCBA

Passage 22(模拟试题1)

Mrs Sharp, a large, red-faced woman in her late sixties, has lived in Greenleas, a ‘new town’ in the countryside outside London, since 1958. Before that she lived in Bethnal Green, an area of inner London. She was moved to Greenleas by the local authourites when her old house was demolished.

She came from a large family with girls and two boys, and she grew up among brothers, sisters, uncles, aunts, grandparents and cousins. When she married her boyfriend from school at eighteen, they went on living with her parents, and her first child was brought up more by her mother than by  herself, because she always worked.

As the family grew, they moved out of their parents’s house to a flat. It was in ther next street, and their life was still that of the extended family. “All my family used to live around Denby Street,” said Mrs. Sharp, “and we were always in and out of each other’s houses.” When she went to the shops, she used to call in on her mother to see if she wanted anything. Every day she would visit one sister or another and see a nephew or niece at the corner shop in the market.

“You always knew 90% of the people you saw in the street everyday, either they were related to you or you were at school with them,” she said.

When her babies were born (she had two sons and a daughter), she said, “All my sisters and neighbours would help—they used to come and make a cup of tea, or help in some other way.” And every Saturday night there was a family party. It was at Mrs. Sharp’s mother’s house. “ Of course we all know each other very well. You have to learn to get on with each other. I had one neighbour who was always poking her nose into our business. She was forever asking questions and gossiping. But you had to put up with everyone, whatever they were like.”

26. Why did Mrs. Sharp have to move Greenleas?

A. because she had to work there.

B. because she didn’t like the old place at all.

C. because her house in the downtown area was knocked down.

27. when she got married, she lived _______.

A. together with her parents all the time

B. together with her parents for some time

C. far away from her parents’ house

28. why did she know many people?

A. because she was easy going.

B. because they were either her relatives or schoolmates

C. because she was good at making friends with people

29. the sentence “I had one neighbour who was always poking her nose into our business.” In the last Para. Means_________.

A. I had one neighbour who was always warm-hearted

B. I had one neighbour who was always ready to help us

C. I had one neighbout who always showed her interests in our private affairs

30. what does this passage mainly deal with?

A. what the extended family is like.

B. the relationship between Mrs. Sharp and her neighbour.

C. what Mrs Sharp’s life is like in the “new town”.

答案:CBBCA

Passage 23(模拟试题2)

When I was a little girl, my brothers and I collected stamps for many years. My mother didn’t use to work during the week, but she worked in the post office near our house on Saturdays, and she used to bring home all the new stamps as soon as they were issued.

On the day of the World Cup football final in London in 1966, we were very excited because England were playing against West Germany in the final. When we were having lunch, my mother told us to go to the post office straightway after the match if England won, but she didn’t tell us why. At 2 o’clock my mother went back to work as usual, while the rest of the family were watching the football on TV at home. Although she wasn’t watching the match, she was listening to it on the radio.

England won 4:2 and so my brothers and I ran to the post office. As we burst in, my mother was standing behind the counter. She was waiting to sell us a very special limited edition with ENGLAND WINNERS on each stamp. We were over the moon.

We still have it today, and perhaps it is worth a lot of money.

26. This passage mainly tell us__________.

A. the author and brother used to like stamps very much

B. the author had a very kind mother

C. the author and her brother had got an unforgettable experience in collecting stamps

27. According to the passage, her mother worked in the post office ______.

   A. during the week     B. on Saturdays    C. on Sundays

28. Their mother told them to go to the post office straightway after the match if England won, but she didn’t tell them why. Do you think why she did that?

   A. she wanted to give them a surprise.

   B. she doubted if would get the stamps

   C. she forgot to do that

29. What does the sentence “we were over the moon” mean?

   A. we jumped high        B. we were extremely happy about it

   C. we watched the moon for a long time.

30. what is the best title for this passage?

   A. my childhood   B. a precious stamp   C. a memorable experience in collecting stamps

答案:CBABC

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