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简心小筑

我一个人走,忽略路途中的风景,一直向前走,却忘记了,只因我见过了最美的风景。。。

 
 
 

日志

 
 

2012英语Ⅱ--阅读理解第一种题型(选择①)  

2012-12-07 14:22:07|  分类: 学习。。。。 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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第四部分     阅读理解

第一题型

Passage 1

I was 15 when I walked into McCarley Bookstore and began to look over the titles of the books on the shelves. The man behind the counter, the owner of the bookstore, asked me if I would like a job. I needed to start saving for college, so I said yes.

I worked after school and during summers for minimum wages and the job helped pay for my freshman year of college. I worked at many other jobs afterwards: I made coffee in the student union during college. I made maps for the U.S Forest Service. But selling books was one of the most satisfying.

One day a woman asked me for books on cancer. She seemed fearful. I showed her everything we had and found other books we could order. She left the shop less worried and I’ve always remembered the pride I felt in having helped her.

Years later, as a television reporter, I heard about a poor child who was born with his fingers of the left hand linked together. His family could not afford the corrective surgery, and the boy lived in shame, hiding his left hand in his pocket.

I persuaded my boss to let me do the story on TV. After my story was broadcast, a doctor and a nurse called, offering to perform the surgery for free.

I visited the boy in the recovery room after the operation. The first thing he did was hold up his repaired hand and say, “Thank you.” I was overjoyed and filled with a strong sense of reward.

At McCarley Bookstore, I always felt I was working for the customers, not just for the store. Today it’s the same. NBC news pays me the salary. But I feel that I work for the viewers, helping them make sense of the world. My working experience in McCarley Bookstore helped me find a good sense of the world, and most importantly, it helped me find a good sense of myself.

1. How did the author get the job in McCarley Bookstore?

A.       He happened to walk into the shop and got it by chance.

B.       He had always wanted to have a job in that bookstore and he succeeded.

C.       He liked reading books, so tried to get a job there.

D.       He did not go to school, so he looked for a job when he was 15.

2. According to the author, selling books was one of the most satisfying job experiences, because ____________.

A.       he only had to work after school and got good wages

B.       it helped him understand the world and himself

C.       it helped him pay for his freshman year of college

D.       he did not feel that he was working for the store

3. After he helped the fearful lady looking for books on cancer, the author was ____________.

A.       worried about her

B.       less worried about her

C.       unable to forget her

D.     proud of himself

4. The author decided to help the poor boy by ____________.

A.       persuading his boss to do the story on TV

B.       persuading his boss to let him do the story on TV

C.       asking a doctor to perform the operation for free

D.       visiting the boy in the recovery room after the operation

5. The main reason that the author thinks his present job is the same as the one in the bookstore is ____________.

A.it gives him salary                       B. it makes him feel excited

C. it helps people make sense of the world      D.  it enables him to work

(Key: 1. A    2. B     3. D    4. B     5. C)

 Passage 2

Paper was invented by the Chinese in the first century AD. Paper was not made in southern Europe until about the year 1100. Scandinavia - which now makes a great deal of the world’s paper - did not begin to make it until 1500. Most paper is made from wood. Paper-making is an important British industry and paper from Britain is sold to many countries such as Australia and South Africa. Some of the wood used in the British paper making industry comes from trees grown in Britain, but wood is also bought from other countries such as Norway. One tree is needed for every four hundred copies of a forty-page newspaper. If half the adults in Britain buy one daily paper, this uses up over a thousand trees a day. All over the world, trees are being cut down faster than they are being planted, so there may be a serious need for paper at the beginning of next century.

When we think of paper, we think of newspaper, books, letters and writing paper. But there are many other uses. Only half of paper is used for books and newspaper, etc. Paper is very good for keeping you warm. Each year, more and more things are made of paper. Now we hear that chairs, tables, and even beds can be made of paper. But the latest in paper making seems to be paper houses.

1. Where was paper invented?

A. In China.                       B. In southern Europe.     C. In Scandinavia.       D. In Britain.

2. Scandinavia began to make paper ____________.

A. in 1100             B. in 1400    C. in 1500               D. in the first century

3. Every four hundred copies of a forty-page newspaper will need ____________.

A. half a tree            B. one tree    C. two trees                 D. more than one tree

4. All over the world, trees are being cut down ____________ than they are being planted.

A. more slowly                   B. much faster    C. much more slowly                D. faster

5. The latest things made of paper are ____________.

A. chairs                        B. tables     C. clothes                       D. houses

(Key: 1. A    2. C     3. B      4. D      5. D)

Passage 3

We often use gestures to express our feelings, but the problem is that the gestures can be understood in different ways.

It is true that a smile means the same thing in any language. So does laughter or crying . Fear is another emotion that is shown in much the same way all over the world. In Chinese and in English literature, a phrase like ‘he went pale and began to tremble’ suggests that the man is either very afraid or he has just got a very big shock. However, ‘he opened his eyes wide’ is used to suggest anger in Chinese whereas in English it means surprise. In Chinese, surprise can be described in a phrase like ‘they stretched out their tongues!’ “Stretching out your tongue” in English is an insulting gesture or expresses strong dislike.

Even in the same culture, people differ in their ability to understand and express feelings. Experiments in America have shown that women are usually better than men at recognizing fear, anger, love and happiness on people’s faces. Other studies show that older people usually find it easier to recognize or understand body language than younger people do.

1. Which of the following is true according to the passage?

A.       We can easily understand what people’s gestures mean.

B.       Words can be better understood by older people.

C.       Gestures can be understood by most people but words are not.

D.       It is difficult to tell what people’ gestures really mean sometimes.

2. People’s facial expressions may be misunderstood in different cultures because ____________.

A.     people of different sexes may understand a gesture differently

B.     people speaking different languages have different facial expressions

C.     people of different ages may have different interpretations

D.     people from different cultures have different meanings about some facial expressions

3. From the passage, we can conclude that ____________.

A      gestures can be used to express feelings

B      gestures can be more effectively used than words to express feelings

C     words are often more difficult to understand than gestures

D     gestures are used as frequently as words to express feelings

4. In the same culture, people ____________.

A        hardly ever fail to understand each other’s ideas and feelings

B       are equally intelligent even if they have different backgrounds

C    almost all have the same understanding of the same thing

D      may have different abilities to understand and express feelings

5. The best title for this passage can be ____________.

A   Gestures              

B    Feelings  

C    Gestures and Feelings   

D.    Culture and Understanding

(Key: 1. D    2. D    3. A     4. D     5. C)

Passage 4(作业2)

A funny thing happened on the way to the communication revolution: we stopped talking to each other.

       I was walking in the park with a friend recently, and his mobile phone rang, interrupting our conversation. There we were, walking and talking on a beautiful sunny day and – poof! – I was cut off as if I had become absent from the conversation.

       The park was filled with people talking on their cell phones. They were passing people without looking at them, saying hello, noticing their babies or stopping to pat their dogs. It seems that the limitless electronic voice is preferred to human contact.

       The telephone used to connect you to the absent. Now it makes people feel absent. Recently I was in a car with three friends. The driver hushed the rest of us because he could not hear the person on the other end of his cell phone. There we were, four friends driving down the highway, unable to talk to each other because of the small thing designed to make communication easier.

       Why is it that the more connected we get, the more disconnected I feel? Every advance in communications technology is a setback (退步) to the closeness of human interaction. With e-mail and instant message over the Internet, we can now communicate without seeing or talking to one another. With voice mail, you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone. If my mom has a question, I just leave the answer on her machine.

       As almost every contact between human beings gets automatic, the emotional distance index goes up. Pumping gas at the station? Why say good-morning to the assistant when you can swipe you credit card at the pump and save yourself the bother of human contact? Making a deposit at the bank? Why talk to the clerk who lives in the neighborhood when you can put your card into the ATM?

       More and more, I find myself hiding behind e-mail to do a job meant for conversation or being relieved that voice mail picked up because I didn’t really have time to talk. The technology devoted to helping me keep in touch is making me lonelier.

       I own a mobile phone, an ATM card, a voice-mail telephone, and an e-mail account. Giving them up isn’t a choice. They are great for what they are intended to do. It’s their unintended results that make me upset. What good is all this gee-whiz technology if there is no one in the room to hear you crying out “Gee whiz”?

1. The author’s experience of walking in a park with a friend recently made him feel _____________.

A.  unhappy   B.  funny   C.   sunny     D.    wonderful

2. According to the author, human contact in a park means ____________.

A. looking at each other and saying hello when passing

B. noticing their babies and stopping to pat their dogs

C. talking on the mobile phone and getting connected with the other people

D. both A and B

3. According to the author, the more connected we get in communications technology, the ___________ we are.

A. more automatic   B. easier   C. more disconnected   D. closer

4. What are the examples the author gives to explain his idea that every advance in communications technology is a setback to the closeness of human interaction?

A. With e-mail and instant message over the Internet, we can now communicate without seeing or talking to one another.

B. With voice mail, you can make entire conversations without ever reaching anyone.

C. If his mom has a question, he just leaves the answer on her machine.

D. All of the above.

5. What is the unintended result of communication technology, according to the author?

A. It makes communication easier and conversation possible everywhere.

B. It actually creates a distance between people instead of bringing them together.

C. It makes every contact between human beings automatic and makes people feel connected.

D. It makes human contacts limitless with electronic voices everywhere.

(Key: 1. A     2. D     3. C    4. D    5. B)

Passage 5

Who will stage the games?

Preparing for the Olympics Games is a huge undertaking. Just like the athletes, the host city spends years getting ready for the event. Before deciding which city will host the Olympic Games, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has to examine bids from all over the world. Bidding for the games begins about ten years in advance. Without preparing a very strong bid1, a city will not win the competition to host the games. Beijing was chosen for the 2008 games from five bidders — Osaka, Paris, Toronto and Istanbul.2

Why does it take so long to prepare?

Building the infrastructure costs huge amounts of money. Holding the World Cup in 2002 in Japan and South Korea, for example, meant that ten new stadiums had to be built, as well as many hotels and an improved transport system. In Beijing, after winning the bid the government began major construction projects — the extension of the underground, the improvement of the airport and the building of new motorways3. Each host city must also build an Olympic village for the athletes. By planting trees and creating parks, the city becomes more attractive for tourists.

Why do countries want to host the Olympic Games?

Hosting the games has a major effect on the economy and brings international prestige to the country. Thousands and thousands of visitors come to the games and the host cities are permanently improved.

1. Bidding for the Olympic Games usually starts ____________ before the games are really held.

A. two years                B.  eight years              C. one year                  D. ten years

2. Beijing was one of the _______ bidders  for the 2008games.

A. four               B. five                    C. ten                  D.  three

3. The World Cup 2002 was held in _____________.

A. Japan         B. South Korea                 C. China                     D. A and B

4. What construction projects did Beijing start after winning the bid?

A. The extension of the underground.                 B. The improvement of the airport.

C. The building of new motorways                     D. All of the above

5. Why do countries want to host the Olympic Games?

A. Because it has a major effect on the economy.

B. Because it brings international prestige to the country.

C. Because the host cities are permanently improved.

D. All of the above.

(Key: 1. D     2. B      3. D      4. D      5. D)

Passage 6

We walked in so quietly that the nurse at the desk didn’t even lift her eyes from the book. Mum pointed at a big chair by the door and I knew she wanted me to sit down. While I watched, mouth open in surprise, Mum took off her hat and coat and gave them to me to hold. She walked quietly to the small room by the lift and took out a wet mop. She pushed the mop past the desk and as the nurse looked up, Mum nodded and said, “Very dirty floors.”

       “Yes. I’m glad they’ve finally decided to clean them,” the nurse answered. She looked at Mum strangely and said, “But aren’t you working late?”

       Mum just pushed harder, each swipe of the mop taking her farther and farther down the hall. I watched until she was out of sight and the nurse had turned back to writing in the big book.

       After a long time Mum came back. Her eyes were shining. She quickly put the mop back and took my hand. As we turned to go out of the door, Mum nodded politely to the nurse and said, “Thank you.”

       Outside, Mum told me, “Kate is fine. No fever.”

       “You saw her, Mum?”

       “Of course. I told her about the hospital rules, and she will not expect us until tomorrow. Dad will stop worrying as well. It’s a fine hospital. But such floors! A mop is no good. You need a brush.”

1. When she took a mop from the small room what Mum really wanted to do was ____________.

A. to clean the floor                         B. to please the nurse

C. to see a patient                            D. to surprise the story-teller

2. When the nurse talked to Mum she thought Mum was a ____________.

A. nurse                                                 B. visitor

C. patient                                        D. cleaner

3. After reading the story what can we infer about the hospital?

A.     It is a children’s hospital.

B.     It has strict rules about visiting hours.

C.     The nurses and doctors there don’t work hard.

D.     A lot of patients come to this hospital every day.

4. Why did Mum go to see Kate in the hospital?

A      To give her some message about Dad.

B      To make sure her room was clean.

C     To check that she was still there.

D     To find out how she was.

5. Which of the following words best describes Mum?

A. Polite.                                         B. Patient.

C. Changeable.                                D. Clever.

(Key: 1. C     2. D    3. B    4. D     5. D)

 

Passage 7(作业2)(此题有两种考法,见下面)

PAT the Dog

Did you know there are some very special dogs doing good work in our hospital wards? These are PAT 2 (Pets As Therapy) dogs. Doctors and nurses are recognising the benefits of pets more and more — particularly for children, people with mental illnesses and elderly people who are separated from their own pets or have had to give up their pets.

Stroking and playing with a pet is a calming experience and something to look forward to. One hospital reported that a man with a mental illness, who hadn't spoken for years, first stroked and played with a visiting dog and then started talking to it.

Today, around 4,500 dogs and 50 cats and their volunteer owners are at work in the UK bringing comfort and pleasure to over 100,000 people in hospital.

There are many other ‘working dogs’.  There are guard dogs, police dogs, hunting dogs and dogs for the blind. Disabled people benefit greatly. Take the case of Alan Smythe, who has to visit hospital every month. Some things are difficult for him because he is in a wheelchair. But his life has altered dramatically since he got a dog, Tess, from the charity 'Dogs for the Disabled'. ‘She helps me to get dressed, and she brings me my socks and shoes. She fetches the newspaper from the shop, and she passes me the phone when it rings. I feel so much better too. It's like having a really good friend. She comes with me to hospital. Once, she saved my life. I am a diabetic and one day my blood sugar level dropped, and when I was going into a coma she went next door and she alerted my neighbour. He gave me an insulin injection.’

1. Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the passage? ____________

A. All the dogs are allowed into the hospitals to visit the patients.

B. Only some special dogs can help the patients feel better.

C. Doctors and nurses doubt if pets can bring comfort to the patients.

D. Doctors and nurses are aware pets will bring benefits to all the patients.

2. Pets are particularly beneficial to the following EXCEPT ____________.

A. children

B. people with mental illness

C. the elderly people who live alone

D. the elderly people who have to live apart from their pets

3. The first sentence of Para. 2 suggests ____________.

A. touching and playing with a pet makes people nervous and anxious

B. pets can make people become quiet and attentive

C. people feel uncomfortable when they touch and play with a pet

D. people feel relaxed and hopeful when they touch and play with a pet

4. The dog helps Alan do the following EXCEPT ___________.

A. She helps her get dressed

B. She accompanies her to the hospital

C. She gets the newspaper for her

D. She picks up the phone for her

5. The sentence “when I was going to a comma” means that ___________.

A. when I got hungry

B. when I felt asleep

C. when I became unconscious

D. when I fell down on the floor

Key: BCDDC

1. Doctors and nurses think pets are particularly helpful for ______________.

   A) children                   B) people with mental illnesses

   C)old people who can’t live with their pets or have to give up their pets

   D) all of the above people

2. Today __________ people in hospital get the help of dogs and cats and their   owners.

   A) 4,500         B) 50          C) 100,000        D) 10,000

3. Alan got the dog from ___________.

   A) the hospital     B) the charity        C) a shop       D) his friend

4. Which of the following that Tess CAN NOT help Alan do?

   A) Get  dressed         B) bring socks and shoes

  C) pass the phone when it rings         D) buy newspaper from the shop

5. When Alan was going to a coma, Tess went to his _______’s home for help.

  A) neighbour        B) doctor        C) friend       D) daughter

( Key: 1. D     2. C      3. B      4. D      5. A )

Passage 8

10th August, 2004

Dear Sirs,

Headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, PMC Company is a major producer of technically advanced machinery and chemicals for industry and agriculture.

With a history dating back to 1884, PMC has grown to become one of the 100 largest industrial companies in the United States, with 2000’s sales in excess(超过) of $2 billion. All over the world, PMC has about 41,600 employees at 129 factories in 32 states, such as New York state, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia, etc. and 15 foreign countries.

We believe PMC to be one of the leaders of the packaging industry both in the U.S. and abroad. Through our own research, development and engineering efforts, we believe we are able to exchange views on and discuss the latest technical aspects of the industry.

PMC’s packaging expertise (专长) is mainly in the following areas:

— Packaging and paper box making machinery

— Wrapping machines for varying uses

Faithfully yours,

General Manager

PMC Co. Ltd.

1. The company wants to sell ____________.

A. industrial products               B.  agricultural products

C.  technical services                             D.  machinery and chemicals

2. Where is the Head Office of the company?

A. In New York state.    B.  In North Carolina.  C.  In Chicago,Illinois.       D.  In Pennsylvania.

3. When did the company’s annual sales exceed $2 billion?

A. In the year of 1884. B. In the year of 2000. C. In the year of 2004.    D. In the year of 2002.

4. The company thinks ____________.

A.  it is one of the 15 largest companies in the world

B.  it develops its relationship with China only for its own benefit

C.  it plays a leading role in the world’s packaging industry

D.   it should open some new companies abroad

5. The letter is written to ____________.

A.its customers in the States and abroad    B. its headquarters

C. its customers abroad      D. its employees in the 32 states and 15 foreign countries

(Key: 1. D      2. C       3. B      4. C      5. A)

Passage 9

Once the king of India fell ill and sent for his doctor. The doctor came, examined him and said, “You will be well again in a few days if you take bull’s milk.” The king was very surprised, for he had never heard of a bull that gave milk. “How is it possible?” he asked.

“Order Gulbo, the scholar, to get it for you. He can do anything.” The doctor was an enemy to Gulbo, and thought this would be a way of making him suffer. When the king told Gulbo what the doctor had said and ordered him to get bull’s milk, Gulbo immediately understood what the doctor was trying to do.

When he got home he sat thinking how to get out of the difficulties. His daughter, seeing him worried, asked what was the matter. On hearing what the king had asked for, she said, “Don’t worry, father, I’ll help you.”

The next day she took some old clothes, went to the bank of the river near the palace, and chose a place below the king’s bedroom window. In the middle of the night, when everyone was in bed, she started to do her washing. She made so much noise that the king could not sleep. The king got very angry and set a guard to find out what was the matter. The soldier found the girl, and led her to the king. “Why do you wash your clothes here at night?” asked the king.

The girl pretended to be afraid and said, “I had to wash clothes at night. This afternoon my father had a baby. I was busy all day because of that. Then I found there were no clean clothes for the baby, so I had to come and wash them now.” 

“What!” cried the king, “Are you trying to make a fool of me? Who ever heard of a man having a baby?”

“Well, if the king himself orders someone to get bull’s milk for him, why can’t a man have a baby?”

The king smiled and said, “You must be Gulbo’s daughter. Go and tell your father that he may keep the bull’s milk for his baby.”

1. According to the doctor in the story, the king’s illness can be cured by ______.

A. making Gulbo suffer    B. drinking bull’s milk

C.  seeing another doctor   D. feeding him with cow’s milk                                                        

2. The doctor told the king to ask Gulbo to find bull’s milk because he ______.

A. admired Gulbo greatly       B.  hated Gulbo very much

C.  thought Gulbo was a scholar.  D. tried to make Gulbo another doctor                                       

3. How did Gulbo feel after getting the king’s order?

A. He was upset.       B. He was excited.

C. He was surprised.     D.  He was disappointed.                                                                       

4. Why did Gulbo’s daughter wash clothes below the king’s bedroom window at night?

A. Because she was forced to do it.       B. Because she often washed clothes there.

C. Because she enjoyed washing clothes there. D.Because she wanted the king to notice her.                                 

 5. From the dialogue between the king and the girl, we know that after hearing the girl’s story, the king ______.

A.  wanted to see the baby     B.  became angry with her

C.  thought the girl was a fool      D. understood the girl’s meaning          

Key: BBADD

 

Passage 10(作业3)

People all over the world today are beginning to hear and learn more and more about the problem of pollution. Pollution is caused either by man’s release of completely new and often artificial (人造的) substances into the environment, or by releasing greatly increased amounts of a natural substance (物质),such as oil from oil tankers into the sea.

Whatever its underlying reasons, there is no doubt that much of the pollution caused could be controlled if only companies, individuals and governments would make more efforts. In the home there is an obvious need to control litter and waste. Food comes wrapped up three of four times in packages that all have to be disposed of; drinks are increasingly sold in bottles or tins which can’t be reused. This not only causes a litter problem, but also is a great waste of resources, in terms of glass, metal and paper. Advertising has helped this process by persuading many of us not only to buy things we neither want nor need, but also to throw away much of what we do buy. Pollution and waste combine to be a problem everyone can help to solve by cutting out unnecessary buying, excess use and careless disposal (处理) of the products we use in our daily lives.

1. The main cause of pollution is __________.

A.  the release of artificial or natural substances into the environment

B. the production of new industrial goods

C. increased amounts of a natural substance   D.  our ever-increasing population

2. Much of the pollution could be controlled if only __________.

A.people would pay more attention to the problem B.governments would take effective measures

C. all sides concerned would make more efforts D. farmers would use less artificial fertilizers

3. Food packages, bottles and tins for drinks can cause __________.

A. air and water pollution   B. both a litter problem and a waster of resources

C. to pay for the service    D. to produce the receipt

4. Which of the following can not help solving the problem of pollution?

A. Cutting out unnecessary buying.    B. Eating.

C. Reduce excess use.    D. Carefully dispose our daily products.

5. What does the underlined word “litter” mean in paragraph 2?

A.  not many          B.  serious problem  C.   bits of waste things    D.    industrial pollution

 Key: ACBBC

Passage 11

Thousands of years ago, in the middle of an ocean, miles from the nearest island, an undersea volcano broke out. The hot liquid piled higher and higher and spread wider and wider. In this way, an island rose up in the sea.

As time went on, hot sun and cool rains made the rock split and break to pieces. Sea waves dashed against the rock. In this way, soil and sand came into being.

Nothing lived on the naked soil. And then the wind and birds brought plant seeds, spiders and other little creatures there. Only plants could grow first. Only they, in sunlight, could produce food from the minerals of the soil, water and air. While many animals landed on the island, they could find no food. A spider spun its web in vain, because there were no insects for its web to catch. Insects couldn’t stay until there were plants for them to eat. So plants had to be the pioneer life on this new island.

1. The passage centers on __________.

A.how an undersea volcano broke out                B.how an island rose up in the sea

C.how soil was formed on a new island     D.how life began on a volcano-produced island

2.According to the passage, the island got its first soil from __________.

A. sea waves       B.  the sand brought by the wind   C. its own rock     D.  cool rains

3.The word “naked” (in para. 3) could be replaced by which of the following?

A.  hidden          B. new           C. mysterious                       D.   bare

4.The order of coming into being on the island is __________.

A. soil, plants and animals               B. soil, little creatures and plants

C.  soil, birds and plants                    D.   oil, human beings and animals

5. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE ?

A. Spiders were the first life that could live on the island.

B.  The island is far away from any piece of land.

C.  Insects could not live on the island without plants.

D.  Plants were brought to the island by human being.

Key: DCDAC

Passage 12(作业1)

In the last 500 years, nothing about people – not their clothes, ideas, or languages – has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.

 The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the“Potato Famine”of 1845-6, and thousands more were forced to emigrate to America.

 There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the World’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.

 According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a goatherd name Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.

1.    According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years?

A.    Food                          B.   Chocolate           C.   Potato                        D. Coffee

2.    “Some” in “Some still exist today” means _________.

A.    some cocoa trees           B.    some chocolate drinks                       

C. some shops             D. some South American Indians

3.    Thousands of Irish people starved during the “Potato Famine” because _________.

A.   they were so dependent on the potato that they refused to eat anything else

B.    they were forced to emigrate to America

C.     the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing the potato

D.    the potato harvest was bad

4.    Coffee originally came from_________.

A.    Brazil         B.     Colombia   C.   Ethiopia         D.   Arabia

5.    The Arabic legend is used to prove that _________.

A.       coffee was first discovered by Kaldi

B.       coffee was first discovered by Kaldi’s goats

C.       coffee was first discovered in south American countries

D.       coffee drinks were first made by Arabs

Key: ACDCD

Passage 13

Crime Prevention Initiatives

The chances that you will be a victim of violent crime are low. But you can avoid risk in the following ways.

AT HOME

·        You should make sure your house or flat is secure. Always lock the door from the inside at night, but you must keep the key nearby, so that you can use it to get out quickly if there is a fire.

·        You must never give keys to workmen as they can easily make copies.

·        If you wake up and hear a burglar, stay quietly in bed.  Pretend you are asleep. If you feel more confident, switch on the light and make a lot of noise; even if you are on your own you should call out loudly to an imaginary companion, so that the burglar thinks you are not alone and runs away. You should have a phone or a mobile in your bedroom to alert the police immediately.

·        If you come home and think you see signs of a break-in, you shouldn’t go in, the burglar may be inside. You should go to a neighbour and call the police.

ON THE STREET

At night:

·        Always walk facing the traffic, so that a car cannot pull up behind you.

·        You mustn’t go through parks or woods.

·        If you think someone is following you, cross the road one or two times. If he or she continues to follow you, go to a pub or other public place.

·        Always carry your bag close to you, but carry your house keys in your pocket so that you can open the door quickly. If someone attacks you - remember your safety is more important than your property.

1. This passage mainly focuses on ________.

A. how to avoid the crimes both at home and in the street

B. where to stay if you want to be safe

C. what you should do at home if there is a burglary

D. how to avoid the crime at night in the street

2. If you want to guarantee you are secure at home, you should _________.  

A. always lock the door and put the key in a secret place far away from the door

B. never leave the keys to workmen since they can easily make copies

C. keep silent all the time even if you are on your own when a burglar steals into your house 

D. go in immediately when you suspect (怀疑) someone is breaking into your house

3. Based on the passage, if you notice someone following you, it’s better for you to

      _________.

A. shout loudly      B. go to public places

C. stop, turn around and look at him    D. run quickly

4. Why should you have a telephone in the bedroom?

A. Because we might use it to alert the burglary.

B. Because it’s convenient for us to talk to our friends while lying on bed.

C. Because it’s convenient for us to report to the police in case there is a burglary.

D. Because it we might use it to make a phone call at midnight.

5. From the passage, we can infer that we might be victims if _________.

A. we cannot part with the money when being attacked  B. we always walk facing the traffic

C. we don’t walk in the empty street   D. we carry too much cash

Key: ABBCA

Passage 14(作业1)

An Extraordinary Change of Direction

Molly Wilson had been a dancer and a mother for many years when she decided to sail round the world to raise money for charity.

As a child she had trained as a ballet dancer, but at 15 she had grown too tall for classical ballet, so she became a member of a pop dance team.

She got married, and after she had children she retired from show business to bring them up. They grew up, and when they were 18 they left home.

She says, “When I decided to do the round-the-world race, my husband thought I was bored because the children had left home. He was also worried because I had never sailed before. I was not bored, but I had met some people who told me about the race.

They had taken part in it, but they had only done one section, say, from New Zealand to Australia. I wanted to do the whole ten-month journey.”

Before Molly left she did a lot of training, but it hadn’t prepared her for the worst weather which they experienced. She tells one story. “One night the sea was very rough and it was very cold. I had gone downstairs when a huge wave smashed into the boat and injured two men on the deck. One of the men couldn’t move because he had broken his leg. They were taken to hospital by helicopter. That was the worst time.”

By the end of October last year, she had raised more than ?50,000 for charity.

She says, “Sometimes I ask myself, what did I do? How did I do it? But then I think, it’s the same as being a dancer. Before I left on the trip, I had trained hard. I had got very fit and had prepared myself completely. Then on the trip I was simply a good team member.”

1. What does the word “extraordinary” mean in the title?

A.  very ordinary  B. very unusual and surprising  C. not special  D.  extreme

2. The sentence “…my husband thought I was bored …” in Para. 4 meant that my

       husband thought I felt_________.

A. dissatisfied because I had nothing better to do at home

B. annoyed because I had to wait long for my children to come back home

C. happy because I could do something I was interested in instead of taking care of  children 

D. sad because all the children left me when they grew up

3. The word “section” in Para. 4 most probably means here _________. 

A. group of people  B. part of the training  C. part of the route of sail  D. part of the job

4. Which of the following is nearest (closest) in meaning to “rough” in the sentence “One night the sea was very rough …” in Para. 5?

A. not exact  B. difficult   C. not smooth because of huge waves  D. pleasant

5. The last paragraph suggests that _________.

A. the qualities she needed for the trip were the same as those for a dancer

B. many years of dancing had already prepared her for the sail completely, so she

     needn’t do anything before the journey

C. she should be kind to other team members during the trip

D. she should not forget dancing during the trip

Key: BACCA

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